Return to LA SPE Home Page

Petroleum Technology Forum, Mary 12, 2009

The next Petroleum Technology Forum will be held on Tuesday, May 12, 2009 at the Long Beach Petroleum Club, 3636 Linden Avenue, Long Beach, CA 90807. The speaker will be Zhengming Yang, PhD, with Aera Energy LLC. Abstract and speaker bio follow.

Long Beach Petroleum Club
3636 Linden Avenue Long Beach, CA 90807
Registration: 11:30 AM
Buffet Lunch: 11:30 noon
Presentation: 12:00-1:00 PM
$20.00 members,
Free for students.

“A New Diagnostic Analysis for Waterflood Performance”
Zhengming Yang, PhD, Aera Energy LLC


Despite the widespread application of reservoir simulation to study waterflood reservoirs, petroleum engineers still need simple predictive tools to forecast production decline, estimate ultimate oil recovery, and diagnose the production performance from the historical field data.

On the basis of the Buckley-Leverett equation and the assumption of a semilog relationship between the oil-to-water relative permeability ratio and water saturation, a consistent analytical solution can be derived as:

where fo is the oil fractional flow, tD is the fraction of cumulative liquid production to related formation volume, B is the relative permeability ratio parameter, and EV is the volumetric sweep efficiency. Two equivalent linear plots can be developed: a log-log plot and a reciprocal time plot. The log-log plot has a slope of -1 and intercept of EV/B. The reciprocal time plot has a slope of EV/B and an intercept value of 0. Both plots can be applied for the diagnostic analysis of waterflood reservoirs.

Model and field case studies show the benefits of this technique as a production-decline analysis tool in forecasting the waterflood production decline and the ultimate oil recovery. This method can also be applied as a diagnostic tool to evaluate various aspects of waterflood performance. Examples include assessing waterflood maturity, calculating volumetric sweep efficiency, distinguishing the normal waterflood breakthrough from the premature water breakthrough through hydraulic fractures, and examining the consequences of operational changes. The appropriate use of this analytical method will help to optimize the field waterflood operation.


PZhengming Yang is a senior reservoir engineer with Aera Energy LLC in Bakersfield, California, USA. He works on reservoir simulation projects, performance diagnosis and forecasts on the basis of field production data. Before joining Aera Energy LLC, he worked on reservoir simulation projects for heavy and conventional oils in USA, Venezuela, and China. He holds a diploma in chemical engineering from Tianjin University in Tianjin, China; an MS degree in petroleum engineering from the Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development in Beijing, China; and a PhD degree in petroleum engineering from the University of Southern California, USA.

Katherine Wallgren, Forum Chairperson,

We hope to see you and Click Here to see complete calendar of Forums.

return to SPE Home Page

Questions or comments? Send email to: SPE Info
Please report any problems to the webmaster . Website design & maintenance by 4th Forge